How to run a manual backup on cPanel

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You can use the /usr/local/cpanel/scripts/pkgacct script to create a cpmove archive for an account. After you create the archive, you can then restore the account on any cPanel & WHM servers. By default, this script compresses the cpmove archive.Important:

  • This script does not use the /etc/cpbackup-exclude.conf file to exclude files or directories from backups.
  • The system won’t transfer any email addresses from Plesk® to cPanel & WHM that contain a plus sign (+) in the email username.
  • You can’t back up the root user.

Server requirements

When you package an account for transfer, the source and destination servers must contain free disk space greater than twice the size of the largest account. Both servers also require an additional 1 GB of free disk space. The package and restore processes use the free space to store temporary files.

Run the script

To use this script, run the following command as the root user:

/usr/local/cpanel/scripts/pkgacct [options] USERNAME DIRECTORY

Options

This script accepts the following options:

OptionDescriptionExample
USERNAMERequired
The cPanel account username for which to create a cpmove archive. You must pass this option after any options, but before the DIRECTORY option.
example
DIRECTORYThe directory path in which to store the archive. By default, the script uses the /home directory. You must pass this option after the USERNAME option./usr/local/cpanel/backups
--allow-overrideUse the /var/cpanel/lib/Whostmgr/Pkgacct/pkgacct file to package the account, if it exists.Note:You must pass this option before any other options.--allow-override
--mysql=VERSIONThe archive’s required minimum version of MySQL®.--mysql=5.1.1
--roundcube=VERSIONThe archive’s required minimum version of Roundcube.--roundcube=3.0
--dbbackup=TYPEThe type of database backup to perform:all — The script backs up all of the database information. This is the default option.schema — The script only backs up the database schemas. Only use this option to track a database’s users if you back up your databases through a different method.name — The script only backs up the database names. MySQL databases transfer as placeholders containing a CREATE TABLE statement. PostgreSQL® databases transfer as empty .tar placeholder files.--dbbackup=all
--dbbackup_mysql=TYPEAn override of the --dbbackup option for MySQL only. This option accepts the same values as the --dbbackup option.Note:If you pass both this option and the --dbbackup option, the system applies the --dbbackup_mysql option to MySQL and the --dbbackup option to PostgreSQL.This option has no effect on PostgreSQL backups.--dbbackup_mysql=all
--get_versionDisplay the version of the pkgacct script.--get_version
--use_backupsUse the account’s last known successful backup as a template when the script creates the archive. Use this option to speed up the backup process.--use_backups
--incrementalUpdate the destination file with any new content since the previous backup. This option also removes any content that no longer exists on the account. If the destination file does not exist, the script creates a new file in that location.Note:This option will pass the --nocompress option to create an uncompressed archive.--incremental
--splitCreate the archive in smaller data files. This option reduces the overall load on the system and makes it easier to transfer the files. The system creates these files in the cpmove-USERNAME.tar.gz.part00001 format, where USERNAME is the user’s account and part00001 is the file’s incremental ID.--split
--nocompressDo not compress the archive.--nocompress
--userbackupAllow the user to use the archive as a backup file for the account (for example, backup-3.18.2020_09-16-55_USERNAME). The system creates the file in the /home/USERNAME directory, where USERNAME is the user’s account name. This file is compatible with WHM’s Restore a Full Backup/cpmove File interface (WHM >> Home >> Backup >> Restore a Full Backup/cpmove File).--userbackup
--backup=FILEPATHUse the archive as a backup for the account at the given file path. This option creates the username.tar.gz file, where username represents the account’s username.--backup=/usr/local/cpanel/backups
--serialized_outputEncodes each line of the script’s output in JSON format in order to allow the live_tail_log.cgi script to stream it.--serialized_output
--skipacctdbExclude the account’s MySQL and PostgreSQL databases from the archive.--skipacctdb
--skipapitokensExclude the account’s API tokens from the archive.--skipapitokens
--skipauthnlinksExclude the account’s external authentication credentials from the archive.--skipauthnlinks
--skipbwdataExclude the account’s bandwidth data from the archive.--skipbwdata
--skipcronExclude the account’s cron data from the archive.--skipcron
--skipdnszonesExclude the account’s DNS zone file information from the archive.--skipdnszones
--skipdomainsExclude the account’s subdomains, parked domains (aliases), and addon domains from the archive.--skipdomains
--skipftpusersExclude the account’s FTP user accounts from the archive.--skipftpusers
--skiphomedirExclude the account’s /home directory from the archive. Use this option if you will save or transfer the /home directory with another method, such as the rsync command.--skiphomedir
--skipintegrationlinksExclude the account’s integration links from the archive.--skipintegrationlinks
--skiplinkednodesExclude the account’s server node linkages from the archive.--skiplinkednodes
--skiplocaleExclude the account’s locale information or customized locale from the archive.--skiplocale
--skiplogsExclude the account’s log files from the archive.--skiplogs
--skipmailExclude the account’s mail directory from the archive.--skipmail
--skipmailconfigExclude the account’s mail configuration information from the archive.--skipmailconfig
--skipmailmanExclude the account’s Mailman mailing lists from the archive.--skipmailman
--skipmysqlExclude the account’s MySQL databases, database users, and database grants from the archive.--skipmysql
--skippasswdExclude the account’s password from the archive.--skippasswd
--skippgsqlExclude the account’s PostgreSQL databases, database users, and database grants from the archive.--skippgsql
--skippublichtmlExclude the account’s /public_html directory.--skippublichtml
--skipquotaExclude the account’s disk quota limits from the archive.--skipquota
--skipresellerconfigExclude the account’s reseller privileges from the archive.--skipresellerconfig
--skipshellExclude the account’s shell information and privileges from the archive.--skipshell
--skipsslExclude the server’s SSL certificates and files in the Apache® configuration. This option does not exclude the SSL files in the account’s /home directory.--skipssl
--skipuserdataExclude the account’s subaccount information. You create these accounts in cPanel’s User Manager interface (cPanel >> Home >> Preferences >> User Manager).--skipuserdata
--helpDisplay a brief help message.--help
--manDisplay the script’s full documentation.--man

Use a custom pkgacct script

To create a custom pkgacct script, perform the following steps:

  1. As the root user, copy the /usr/local/cpanel/scripts/pkgacct file and modify it.
  2. Store the modified pkgacct file in the /var/cpanel/lib/Whostmgr/Pkgacct/pkgacct directory.
  3. Run the /usr/local/cpanel/bin/backup --allow-override command.

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